How are Lozenges Used in Treatment of Sore Throat?

Sore Throat Treatment

A sore throat is a form of illness that not only irritates the throat, but can also produce discomfort during sleeping, breathing, and swallowing. It is commonly caused by the inflammation of the pharynx due to a virus, bacteria, or ingestible foreign items.

While there are a number of home remedies to cure a sore throat, the most actively used medication for its treatment is lozenges. Today, many lozenges exporters have come up in the medical industry, offering a variety of lozenge compositions. But generally a typical lozenge contains the following ingredients:

The prime cause for discomfort in a sore throat is the pain or swelling that follows irritation. To reduce these agents, benzydamine hydrochloride and flurbiprofen are used in lozenges (spray and tablets). They provide immediate relief in pain and hence can be used separately for gargle as well.

Antibacterial Agents
Most sore throats may be caused by cold causing bacterial infections. Hence, in order to prevent the throat harshness from increasing day by day, use considerable amounts of antibacterial chemicals like amylmetacresol, cetylpyridinium chloride, dichlorobenzyl alcohol, and hexylresorcinol.

Local anesthetics are an utmost requirement for treating sore throats because they numb the affected area, thereby giving temporary relief. Depending upon the specific production composition formulae of lozenges exporters, lignocaine hydrochloride and benzocaine can be used in varied amounts to act as anesthetics. A rarity of lozenges also uses benzydamine hydrochloride and hexylresorcinol for local relief.

Persistent coughing is a symptom of a sore throat and an equally disadvantageous one as well. The more a person coughs, he/she is likely to worsen his/her throat’s condition. Thus, it is advised to use lozenges cough suppressant agents like dextromethorphan, which help in preventing dry coughs as well as the production of phlegm in the throat. Since dextromethorphan has been the only antitussive that has passed the anti-side effect tests, it is better to consult one’s doctor before using lozenges with any other kind of cough suppressants.

Menthol/Peppermint and Eucalyptus
The ability of a mint oil to stimulate cooling and soothing sensation in the throat helps relieve the pain during breathing, eating, or talking.

These dissolvable, colorful tablets called lozenge, are a perfect treatment methodology for both adults and children since they do not produce any side-effects or pose dangers in swallowing. Rather, their easy action process can be followed by an individual through his/her daily chores of life. The following set of steps defines their typical action process despite their chemical composition set by lozenges exporters:

Dissolve in Mouth
Lozenges need to be sucked in the mouth slowly to allow it to release its agents.

Activation of Agents
Upon action of saliva, the curing agents get activated for performing their respective functions. They are then transported to the throat lining with the saliva.

Acting on Affected Area
Upon reaching the throat lining, lozenge ingredients stick to its surface and produce their specific chemicals. This, in turn, leads to relief in throat lining irritation, pain, dryness, and itchiness.

Despite the seeming universality of lozenge treatments, there are still a number of groups who must avoid relying on lozenges for sore throats. People allergic to painkillers, suffering from asthma or presently on a heart disease medication must dissuade from using lozenge without proper consultation from a doctor.

In the case of pregnant or breastfeeding women, lozenges can rarely pose significant dangers. Yet, it is frequently advised by doctors to seek medical help prior to popping in a lozenge. Sore throats may also be symptoms of other throat diseases, hence they must be taken care of sincerely.